The Jardin botanique de Bordeaux (0.5 hectares) is a municipal botanical garden located at Place Bardineau, Bordeaux, Gironde, Aquitaine, France. This historic garden has been recently supplemented by the Jardin botanique de la Bastide, located across the river. Although the garden’s origins extend back to 1629 AD, with the creation of Bordeaux’s first medicinal garden, today’s botanical garden dates to 1858. It currently contains more than 3000 plant species, both those indigenous to Aquitaine and exotic plants from North America, China and Japan.
The Jardin des Plantes of Paris is the main botanical garden in France. It is one of seven departments of the Muséum ntional d’histoire naturelle which is situated in the 5ème arrondissement, Paris, on the left bank of the river Seine and covers 28 hectares (280,000 m²). Founded in 1626, the garden was not planted by Guy de La Brosse, Louis XIII’s physician, until 1635 as a medicinal herb garden. It was originally known as the Jardin du Roi. In 1640 it opened to the public. The Comte de Buffon became the curator in 1739 and he expanded the gardens greatly, adding a maze, the Labyrinth, which remains today.
The Montpellier Botanical Garden (Jardin des plantes de Montpellier) is one of the oldest in Europe. It was created by order of Henri IV in 1593. At that time it only served as a model for designing all botanical gardens in France, including the one in Paris 40 years later.
The garden occupied more than one hectare, and some space for a plant collection. Over the years the garden area grew to include a systematics school, an arboratum, and a landscaped park. Now, it is one the properties of the University of Montpellier I, the garden is classified as a Historical Monument and Protected Site.
Today the garden contains about 2,680 plant species, including 500 native to the Mediterranean region. Of these roughly 2,000 species are grown outdoors, and 1,000 indoors.
Le Jardin des plantes de Montpellier est un jardin botanique universitaire qui fait partie intégrante du patrimoine de l’Université Montpellier 1. C’est le plus ancien jardin botanique de France. Ce jardin a une triple vocation : botanique, historique et universitaire.
Lors de sa fondation en 1593 par Pierre Richer de Belleval, le Jardin des plantes de Montpellier était destiné à la culture des « simples », mais le projet de Richer dépassa rapidement les seules plantes médicinales qui servaient à l’enseignement des futurs médecins et apothicaires pour devenir un véritable outil d’étude botanique, inédit à l’époque.
Botanical Garden of Toulouse – Jardin Botanique Henri Gaussen
Université Paul Sabatier
Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse
I had a visit to Jardin des Plantes (Botanical garden) of Toulouse. It is created in 1730 by the Société des sciences de Toulouse (Society of Sciences of Toulouse), after some changes in location, it became both a large botanical garden and also a place where the poorest of the city could collect medicinal plants, growing to contain some 1,300 species, both local and acclimatised. By decree of July 27, 1808, Napoleon gave the grounds and the buildings of the garden to the city, and during the battle of Toulouse (April 10, 1814), the garden was used as artillery point. In 1885 the garden was slightly trimmed due to the construction of the Faculty of Medicine near the Allée Jules-Guesde, but at the same time it increased in size towards the Grand Allée. The garden was transformed for the arrival of the international exhibition of 1887, becoming a park.
The botanical garden, the Jardin botanique Henri Gaussen, is bordered by the Medical school, the Natural history museum, the Daniel-Sorano theatre and the Saint-Exupère church. The entrance door in the garden is a reconstitution of one of the doors of old Capitole, and dates back to 1886. The Northern door at Ozenne street was drawn by Virebent.
more pictures of Toulouse botanical garden: http://agrofoodchain.blogspot.fr/2011/10/botanical-garden-of-toulouse.html