Botanical Garden of Montpellier / France

The Montpellier Botanical Garden (Jardin des plantes de Montpellier) is one of the oldest in Europe. It was created by order of Henri IV in 1593. At that time it only served as a model for designing all botanical gardens in France, including the one in Paris 40 years later.

The garden occupied more than one hectare, and some space for a plant collection. Over the years the garden area grew to include a systematics school, an arboratum, and a landscaped park. Now, it is one the properties of the University of Montpellier I, the garden is classified as a Historical Monument and Protected Site.

Today the garden contains about 2,680 plant species, including 500 native to the Mediterranean region. Of these roughly 2,000 species are grown outdoors, and 1,000 indoors.

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Le Jardin des plantes de Montpellier est un jardin botanique universitaire qui fait partie intégrante du patrimoine de l’Université Montpellier 1. C’est le plus ancien jardin botanique de France. Ce jardin a une triple vocation : botanique, historique et universitaire.

Lors de sa fondation en 1593 par Pierre Richer de Belleval, le Jardin des plantes de Montpellier était destiné à la culture des « simples », mais le projet de Richer dépassa rapidement les seules plantes médicinales qui servaient à l’enseignement des futurs médecins et apothicaires pour devenir un véritable outil d’étude botanique, inédit à l’époque.

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