Tag Archives: سنت میشل

Mont Saint-Michel

Mont-Saint-Michel or Saint Michael’s Mount is a tidal island and mainland commune in Normandy, France.
The island lies approximately one kilometre off the country’s north-western coast, at the mouth of the Couesnon River near Avranches and is 7 hectares in area. The mainland part of the commune is 393 hectares in area so that the total surface of the commune is 400 hectares. As of 2019, the island had a population of 29.
The island remained unconquered during the Hundred Years’ War; a small garrison fended off a full attack by the English in 1433. Louis XI recognised the reverse benefits of its natural defence and turned it into a prison. The abbey was used regularly as a prison in the past.
Mont-Saint-Michel and its surrounding bay were inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1979 for its unique aesthetic and importance as a medieval Christian site. It is visited by more than 3 million people each year. Over 60 buildings within the commune are protected in France as monuments historiques.

مون سنت میشل یا کوه سنت میشل یک جزیره و شهر کوچکی (روستا؟) در نرماندی فرانسه است. این جزیره تقریباً یک کیلومتر دورتر از ساحل شمال غربی کشور، در دهانه رودخانه کوسنون در نزدیکی Avranches قرار دارد و 7 هکتار وسعت دارد. مساحت بخش اصلی ده 393 هکتار است به طوری که مساحت کل ده 400 هکتار است. از سال 2019، این جزیره 29 نفر جمعیت داشته است. این جزیره در طول جنگ صد ساله تسخیر نشده باقی ماند. یک پادگان کوچک از حمله کامل انگلیسی ها در سال 1433 جلوگیری کرد. لویی یازدهم مزیت دفاع طبیعی آن را تشخیص داد و آن را به زندان تبدیل کرد. صومعه این جزیره در گذشته به طور مرتب به عنوان زندان مورد استفاده قرار می گرفت. کوه سنت میشل و خلیج اطراف آن در سال 1979 به دلیل زیبایی منحصر به فرد و اهمیت آن به عنوان یک مکان مسیحی قرون وسطایی در فهرست میراث جهانی یونسکو ثبت شد. سالانه بیش از 3 میلیون نفر از آن بازدید می کنند. بیش از 60 ساختمان در داخل این روستا به عنوان بناهای تاریخی محافظت می شوند.

Saint-michel

A short trip to Mont Saint-Michel
Le Mont Saint-Michel is an island commune in Normandy in France, located about one kilometre (0.6 miles) off the country’s northwestern coast, at the mouth of the Couesnon River near Avranches and is 100 hectares (247 acres) in size. As of 2009, the island has a population of 44.
The island has held strategic fortifications since ancient times and since the 8th century AD has been the seat of the monasteryfrom which it draws its name. The structural composition of the town exemplifies the feudal society that constructed it: on top, God, the abbey and monastery; below, the great halls; then stores and housing; and at the bottom, outside the walls, houses for fishermen and farmers.
The commune’s position — on an island just 600 metres from land — made it accessible at low tide to the many pilgrims to its abbey, but defensible as an incoming tide stranded, drove off, or drowned would-be assailants. The Mont remained unconquered during the Hundred Years’ War; a small garrison fended off a full attack by the English in 1433. The reverse benefits of its natural defence were not lost on Louis XI, who turned the Mont into a prison. Thereafter the abbey began to be used more regularly as a jail during the Ancien Régime.
One of France’s most recognizable landmarks, visited by more than 3 million people each year, Mont Saint-Michel and its bay are on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Over 60 buildings within the commune are protected in France as monuments historiques. (Wikipedia)