Category Archives: Herbarium

Botanical Garden of Istanbul university, Turkey

Alfred Heilbronn Botanical Garden of Istanbul University

AHBG has a recognized position as the oldest and richest botanical garden in Turkey. This botanical garden established by late Prof. Alfred Heilbronn in 1934 and began to operate in 1935 under the name of İ.Ü. Botanik Bahçesi (I.U.Botanical Garden – Hortus Botanicus Istanbulensis).

There were 23 pools in the garden, 15 of them are in the greenhouses, 8 in a natural environment, and some of them are heated. There is also a rock garden of 430 m².

The AHBG contributes to the education of undergraduate students of Biology every year; interesting samples from the world of plants are presented to primary and secondary education students and to people who live in Istanbul and surroundings and also to foreign researchers and guests.

Botanical Collections of AHBG
Based on resources, the garden covers an area of 15,000 m². In total, about 6000 plant specimens, both native and exotic, from different taxonomical categories including Ferns, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms are exhibited in the garden.

Flora of Turkey
Turkey has a rich and interesting flora with approximately 9000 vascular plant species (10,765 taxa) from 165 families.
3000 plant species approximately are endemic for Turkey (around 35%). It has a wide diversity of habitats and climatic conditions resulting from geological, topographical and continental characteristics of Anatolia as a meeting place of three phytogeographical regions including Euro-Siberian, Mediterranean, and Irano-Turanian.

*The time I visited this garden, July 2021, the garden was closed because of some constructional or administrative reason, but I was very lucky to find a researcher by coincidence who kindly accepted to guide me discovering the garden and the herbarium.

*All photos photographed by smartphone: Samsung A32

Herbarium of Natural History Museum, London (NHM)

The Natural History Museum’s plant collections comprise an estimated 6 million specimens of:

   bryophytes   /   ferns   /   seed plants   /   slime moulds

The collections are worldwide in origin with around 10% from the British Isles.

They span a period from the 17th century to the present and include a number of historically important collections such as those of:

   Sir Hans Sloane  /   Sir Joseph Banks   /    Charles Darwin

The collections continue to grow and develop, with recent collecting efforts focused on supporting current research projects.

Herbarium of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University (TEH)

هر باريوم دانشکده داروسازي دانشگاه علوم پزشکي تهران، يکي از هرباريومهاي بسيار قديمي ايران است. اين هرباريوم در سال (1933) 1312 توسط استاد دکتر احمد پارسا تاسيس گرديده و بسياري از گياهاني که به خط استاد پارسا نگارش گرديده اکنون در اين هر باريوم موجود است .

بدليل جابجائي فراواني که براي اين هرباريوم پيش آمده است متاسفانه تعداد زیادی از نمونه ها مفقود گرديده و در حال حاضر تعداد نزديک به 700 نمونه در آن موجود مي باشد.

علاوه بر استاد دکتر پارسا، استادان ديگري همچون دکتر مبين، دکتر ملکي، دکتر قهرمان، دکتر زرگري و از سال 1358 تاکنون دکتر غلامرضا امين در پيشبرد علمي و تکميل اين گنجينه با ارزش فعاليت دلسوزانه داشته اند.

Herbarium of Tehran university

Central Herbarium of Tehran University (TUH)